I love the way these young girls from HOPE school in Milawaukee took Beyonce‘s popular song ‘Single Ladies‘ and flipped it in abig way.. Its good to see young kids using their imagination.. I wish Beyonce would do a song like this..
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an American civil rights activist, leader, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar. He became a naturalized citizen of Ghana in 1963 at the age of 95.
The late Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee drop lots of science about W.E.B. Du Bois on this Bill Moyers show..
Remembering W.E.B. Du Bois
On Feb. 23, 1868, W. E. B. Du Bois was born in Great Barrington, Mass., where he grew up. During his youth he did some newspaper reporting. In 1884 he graduated as valedictorian from high school. He got his bachelor of arts from Fisk University in Nashville, Tenn., in 1888, having spent summers teaching in African American schools in Nashville’s rural areas. In 1888 he entered Harvard University as a junior, took a bachelor of arts cum laude in 1890, and was one of six commencement speakers. From 1892 to 1894 he pursued graduate studies in history and economics at the University of Berlin on a Slater Fund fellowship. He served for 2 years as professor of Greek and Latin at Wilberforce University in Ohio.
In 1891 Du Bois got his master of arts and in 1895 his doctorate in history from Harvard. His dissertation, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870, was published as No. 1 in the Harvard Historical Series. This important work has yet to be surpassed. In 1896 he married Nina Gomer, and they had two children.
In 1896-1897 Du Bois became assistant instructor in sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. There he conducted the pioneering sociological study of an urban community, published as The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study (1899). These first two works assured Du Bois’s place among America’s leading scholars.
Du Bois’s life and work were an inseparable mixture of scholarship, protest activity, and polemics. All of his efforts were geared toward gaining equal treatment for black people in a world dominated by whites and toward marshaling and presenting evidence to refute the myths of racial inferiority.
As Racial Activist
In 1905 Du Bois was a founder and general secretary of the Niagara movement, an African American protest group of scholars and professionals. Du Bois founded and edited the Moon (1906) and the Horizon (1907-1910) as organs for the Niagara movement. In 1909 Du Bois was among the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and from 1910 to 1934 served it as director of publicity and research, a member of the board of directors, and editor of the Crisis, its monthly magazine.
In the Crisis, Du Bois directed a constant stream of agitation–often bitter and sarcastic–at white Americans while serving as a source of information and pride to African Americans. The magazine always published young African American writers. Racial protest during the decade following World War I focused on securing anti-lynching legislation. During this period the NAACP was the leading protest organization and Du Bois its leading figure.
In 1934 Du Bois resigned from the NAACP board and from the Crisis because of his new advocacy of an African American nationalist strategy: African American controlled institutions, schools, and economic cooperatives. This approach opposed the NAACP’s commitment to integration. However, he returned to the NAACP as director of special research from 1944 to 1948. During this period he was active in placing the grievances of African Americans before the United Nations, serving as a consultant to the UN founding convention (1945) and writing the famous “An Appeal to the World” (1947).
Du Bois was a member of the Socialist party from 1910 to 1912 and always considered himself a Socialist. In 1948 he was cochairman of the Council on African Affairs; in 1949 he attended the New York, Paris, and Moscow peace congresses; in 1950 he served as chairman of the Peace Information Center and ran for the U.S. Senate on the American Labor party ticket in New York. In 1950-1951 Du Bois was tried and acquitted as an agent of a foreign power in one of the most ludicrous actions ever taken by the American government. Du Bois traveled widely throughout Russia and China in 1958-1959 and in 1961 joined the Communist party of the United States. He also took up residence in Ghana, Africa, in 1961.
Du Bois was also active in behalf of pan-Africanism and concerned with the conditions of people of African descent wherever they lived. In 1900 he attended the First Pan-African Conference held in London, was elected a vice president, and wrote the “Address to the Nations of the World.” The Niagara movement included a “pan-African department.” In 1911 Du Bois attended the First Universal Races Congress in London along with black intellectuals from Africa and the West Indies.
Du Bois organized a series of pan-African congresses around the world, in 1919, 1921, 1923, and 1927. The delegations comprised intellectuals from Africa, the West Indies, and the United States. Though resolutions condemning colonialism and calling for alleviation of the oppression of Africans were passed, little concrete action was taken. The Fifth Congress (1945, Manchester, England) elected Du Bois as chairman, but the power was clearly in the hands of younger activists, such as George Padmore and Kwame Nkrumah, who later became significant in the independence movements of their respective countries. Du Bois’s final pan-African gesture was to take up citizenship in Ghana in 1961 at the request of President Kwame Nkrumah and to begin work as director of the Encyclopedia Africana.
Du Bois’s most lasting contribution is his writing. As poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, sociologist, historian, and journalist, he wrote 21 books, edited 15 more, and published over 100 essays and articles. Only a few of his most significant works will be mentioned here.
From 1897 to 1910 Du Bois served as professor of economics and history at Atlanta University, where he organized conferences titled the Atlanta University Studies of the Negro Problem and edited or co-edited 16 of the annual publications, on such topics as The Negro in Business (1899), The Negro Artisan (1902), The Negro Church (1903), Economic Cooperation among Negro Americans (1907), and The Negro American Family (1908). Other significant publications were The Souls of Black Folk: Essays and Sketches (1903), one of the outstanding collections of essays in American letters, and John Brown (1909), a sympathetic portrayal published in the American Crisis Biographies series.
Du Bois also wrote two novels, The Quest of the Silver Fleece (1911) and Dark Princess: A Romance (1928); a book of essays and poetry, Darkwater: Voices from within the Veil (1920); and two histories of black people, The Negro (1915) and The Gift of Black Folk: Negroes in the Making of America (1924).
From 1934 to 1944 Du Bois was chairman of the department of sociology at Atlanta University. In 1940 he founded Phylon, a social science quarterly. Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880 (1935), perhaps his most significant historical work, details the role of African Americans in American society, specifically during the Reconstruction period. The book was criticized for its use of Marxist concepts and for its attacks on the racist character of much of American historiography. However, it remains the best single source on its subject.
Black Folk, Then and Now (1939) is an elaboration of the history of black people in Africa and the New World. Color and Democracy: Colonies and Peace (1945) is a brief call for the granting of independence to Africans, and The World and Africa: An Inquiry into the Part Which Africa Has Played in World History (1947; enlarged ed. 1965) is a major work anticipating many later scholarly conclusions regarding the significance and complexity of African history and culture. A trilogy of novels, collectively entitled The Black Flame (1957, 1959, 1961), and a selection of his writings, An ABC of Color (1963), are also worthy.
Du Bois received many honorary degrees, was a fellow and life member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. He was the outstanding African American intellectual of his period in America.
Du Bois died in Ghana on Aug. 27, 1963, on the eve of the civil rights march in Washington, D.C. He was given a state funeral, at which Kwame Nkrumah remarked that he was “a phenomenon.”
Pittsburgh Hip Hop Awards roll with the punches
In a year when the forces of nature, lengthy delays and a stage-clearing brawl threatened to bring the fourth Annual Pittsburgh Hip Hop Awards to an abrupt end, the fact that the show went on at all could be considered a victory in itself. At least, that’s how organizer Dwayne Muhammad, CEO of 360 Entertainment, classified the evening.
“People dwell on the negative and I don’t have time for that,” he said. “No one else in the city is putting on events of this caliber for our local artists. This is Pittsburgh’s Grammys and not only do [the artists] benefit from the Pittsburgh Hip Hop Awards, but local businesses benefit, everyone benefits.”
However, any discussion of Sunday’s highlights — including performances by hip-hop legends X-Clan and the numerous awards showered on rising star Jasiri X — won’t dismiss some of its obvious lows.
The Hip Hop Awards kicked off Sunday evening with a red carpet event at 5:30 and a show scheduled to start at 7. The crowd was smaller than previous years due to rescheduling from snowstorms, with about 850 attendees. The show itself started about an hour late in an attempt to ensure all nominees were seated. And an enthusiastic performance by F-Block Records turned to a battle royale after an audience member threw trash in their direction and a member of the crew jumped off stage to settle the score.
But even as attendees saw the worst hip-hop award show stereotypes unfolding before their eyes, they also saw a level of cooperation not often associated with the aftermath of such an event. Paradise Gray of X Clan as well as other “elders” of local hip-hop broke up the fight and diffused tempers so that the show went on with an apology from F-Block not long after the disruption.
After emotions were calmed and the show was back on track, guests discussed how Mr. Muhammad could learn from what happened this year. Best Battle MC nominee Anymal said he could invest in more security, but should also allow nominees in the VIP section without paying for seats.
“People don’t have money to pay for $900 [VIP] tables,” he said.
Best Mixtape Nominee S-Money said performances should be limited to nominees and artists showing dedication. “It should be just certain people who perform because it’s a privilege to take the stage at an awards show,” he said.
Mr. Muhammad said he is open to suggestions for next year’s show, and even asked Sunday’s audience for ways to make it better. But if you ask him about this year, it’s hard to say if he’d change anything or simply embrace the lesson.
“Its always a highlight for me to have the awards show begin and end with no one hurt or killed,” he said. “So this fourth year’s highlight is to be able to have a better year for the fifth anniversary.”
2010 Pittsburgh Hip Hop Award Winners (partial list):
• CD of the Year: “American History X” Jasiri X
• Single of the Year: “Dear Debra” Jasiri X
• Best Male Artist: Wiz Khalifa
• Best Female Artist: Nina Ross
• Mixtape of the Year: “Deal or No Deal” Wiz Khalifa
• Producer of the Year: J Webb
• Best Video: “Live Free” Mac Miller
• Underground Artist of the Year: Commonwealth Family
• Performer of the Year: GMG
• Best Duo/Group: Formula 412
• Record Label of the Year: Sinate Sound
• Lyricist of the Year: Boaz
• Inspirational Artist of the Year: Jasiri X
Read more: http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/10053/1037776-388.stm#ixzz0gN5pAc2S